Pronominal adjectives are limiting adjectives that may, without the use of the article, represent an understood noun.
This [book] is his.
That [task] is yours.
These [laws] are ours.
The main pronominal adjectives are:
When such adjectives represent an understood noun, they are generally called pronouns. They may more properly be called limiting adjectives or pronominal adjectives used as nouns.
This is my book.
You have the fewest [responsibilities].
She has the most [luck].
All is sometimes a noun.
He robbed me of my house, my goods, my home, my all.
Both is frequently a conjunction.
I both saw and heard him.
Among the pronominal adjectives may be distinguished:
- Distributive pronouns or those which point out objects taken singly. The distributives include each, every, either, and neither.
- Demonstrative pronouns or those which point out objects definitely showing which is meant. The demonstratives are this, that, these, former, latter, and same.
- Indefinite pronouns or those that poin
t out objects indefinitely. The indefinites are some, one, none, all, any, whole, such, other, and another.
- Reciprocal pronouns or those that are reciprocally related. The reciprocals are each, other, and one another.
The possessives of the personal pronouns are by some reckoned as pronominal adjectives. These include my, mine, our, ours, thy, thine, your, yours, his, her, her, its, their, and theirs. It is better to regard them as the possessive case of pronouns and not as adjectives.
These, those, all, many, both, few, fewer, fewest, several, and sundry usually require a noun in the plural.
In formal writing, either and neither are used with references to two things only. When more than two objects are referred to, any and none should be used.
Take either road, both are bad enough; and neither will suit you.
Any of the four plans will meet with favor.
This refers to the nearer or last-mentioned object. That refers to the more remote or last mentioned object.
One and other are declined thus: